The bow and arrow, used for hunting and in war as early as 5000 B.C., enabled prehistoric man to kill from a distance. An arc-shaped bow holds a string taught from end to end, which when pulled back provides the elastic force to launch an arrow into the air. The arrow has a maximum range of approximatly 80 yards.

The Egyptians, Assyrians, and Persians all used the bow and arrow in the ancient era. By the A.D. 900's, the Turks were using laminated bows, and by the 1100's the crossbow (seen here) had become a popular weapon in Europe. The longbow proved a superior weapon during the Hundred Year's War, where the weapon allowed the English to emerge victorious in the Battles of Crecy (1346) and Agincourt (1415) despite the French's superior numbers and armored knights.

Enemies wielding bows and arrows should be regarded seriously, because your personal shield system was tailored to modern projectile- and energy-based weapons. Arrows fly fast, and you'll need to move quickly to avoid being hit by them.

In environments with certain native plants and animals (or in the presence of modern chemical manufacturing), you may encounter poison-tipped projectiles, which your crossbow can also fire.